Every now and then, politicians will demand mandatory use of real names on the web. Supposedly, this will restrict hate speech and make the discourse more civilized overall. South Korea tried this approach already and realized that there was only a marginal effect if any. It has been argued again and again that this approach doesn’t help against hate speech but damages freedom of individuals [German], but why would anybody care about facts?
I have nothing to add to the debate as such, everything has been said already. But I, like probably many others, had the impression that the debate is going on because being anonymous on the web is so easy. You have to keep in mind that the last time I did something on the web without signing with my real name was more than a decade ago. So when now I tried to establish an identity on the web not tied to my real-life identity, I was in for a huge surprise: things changed massively! As things stand right now, being truly anonymous on the web is hardly possible at all.